Tirana - Albania

Tirana (also called Tiranë) is the capital city of the Republic of Albania. It is also the largest city in Albania. The city was originally founded in 1614 by Sulejman Pasha but didn’t become the capital city of Albania until 1920, after the First World War. Tirana is bordered to the, east by Mount Dajt, west by the hills of Vaqarr and Yzberisht, north by the hills of Kamza and south by the hills of Krrabë and Sauk. Tirana's The city lies on the Ishëm River, about 32 km from the Mediterranean Sea.

The city is home to just over 600,000 people and sits on the same parallel as Naples, Madrid and Istanbul and on the same meridian as Budapest and Krakow.

The city also is home to four lakes: Kodër-Kamëz Lake, Farka Lake, Tirana Lake, and Tufina Lake. Tirana's highest point measures 1,828 m.



Tirana’s main cultural institutions are the National Theatre, the Theatre of Opera and Ballet, the Galeria Kombëtare e Arteve (National Gallery of Arts). The city has been a venue for the Tirana Biennale and Tirana Jazz Festival.

Tirana is home to historical and cultural sites:

* Petrela Castle/Fortress (Kalaja e Petrelës)
* Tirana's Mosque of Et'hem Bej (Xhamia e Tiranës)
* The Center of Tirana, as a monumental ansemble,
* Tabaks' Bridge (Ura e Tabakëve)
* Castle/Fortress of Tirana (Kalaja e Tiranës), the historical core of the capital
* Church Kroi of Shëngjin (Kisha e Kroit të Shëngjinit)
* Prezë Castle/Fortress (Kalaja e Prezës)
* Kapllan Pasha's Grave (Varri i Kapllan Pashës)
* The Clock Tower (Kulla e Sahatit)

There are eight public libraries in Tirana, including the National Library of Albania (Biblioteka Kombëtare), 5 museum-houses and 56 cultural monuments.


European City Guides
Useful Resources


Summertime in Tirana can get seriously hot, with temperatures regularly rising over 30 Celcius. The mercury has been known to go up to 40C.

Winters can be chilly, but are rarely cold. Temperatures rarely fall below zero.

Useful Links

BBC Weather for Tirana

Tirana Official Site

Tirana Airport