Yerevan - Armenia

Yerevan – sometimes written as Erewan, Ayrivan, Erevan, and Erivan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world. Sitting on the Hrazdan River, it is the cultural, industrial and legislative centre of Armenia (a country that has seen 12 capital cities in its history).



The known history of Yerevan can be traced back to 782 BC, when king Argishti the First founded the fortress of Erebuni in at the western edge of the Ararat plain.

At the end of World War I, Yerevan became the capital of the Democratic Republic of Armenia. Under Soviet rule the city expanded rapidly for much of the twentieth century, growing from a town of a few thousand residents during the first republic to the main business and cultural hub of Armenia.
In 1991 with the independence of the Third Armenian republic, Yerevan stayed at the heart of the major Armenian institutions: the Azgayin Zhoghov, ministries, the presidential palace, public organisms and judicial institutions.

Since the fall of communism, Yerevan has started to find its own identity again and is starting to see development of bars, shops and a steadily growing business district (major exports include metals and diamonds).

In 2007, Yerevan’s population was estimated at around 1.1 million; more than 33% of the population of Armenia.

Museums and Libraries

Yerevan has a fantastic array of museums, art galleries, and libraries. Prominent among these are the Cafesjian Museum of Art, the Matenadaran library of ancient manuscripts and the National Gallery of Armenia.

National Gallery of Armenia

Since opening its doors in 1921, the National Gallery of Armenia has been the most important museum in Yerevan, sharing resources with the National History Museuum. Artists permanently on display include Kandinsky, Chagall, Theodore Rousseau and Monticelli.


Matenadarn Library

The Matenadaran Library contains over 17,000 ancient manuscripts and several bibles from the Middle Ages (Yerevan was one of the earliest Christian settlements). The Matenadaran’s archives hold an exceptional selection of valuable ancient Armenian, Assyrian, Greek, Hebrew, Roman and Persian manuscripts. The museum is located in the heart of the city on Mesrop Mashdots avenue.


Sergey Parajanov Museum

Sitting on the banks of the river Hrazdan, the Sergey Parajanov Museum  was completely renovated in 2002 and holds over 250 works, photos and documents of the famed Armenian filmmaker and painter.


Cinemas, Theatre, Opera

Yerevan has two operating cinema halls including the famous Moskva cinema, which mainly shows Russian language films.

Since 2004, Moskva has hosted the Golden Apricot international film festival.


Zvarnots Airport

Zvartnots airport has recently undergone major refurbishments to help accommodate the ever-growing number of tourists visiting Armenia.


European City Guides
Useful Resources


Yerevan enjoys dry, hot summers and short, cold winters. August temperatures can reach 40 °C (104 °F), while January temperatures can often as cold as -15 °C.

Annual rainfall is just 350 mm (14 in).

Useful Links

US Embassy Yerevan

Yerevan Nights Radio